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   Email Dr. Nancy Appleton, or call her at 
310-315-9242 

 Sugar Damages
http://www.nancyappleton.com/pages/damages.html 

    Take a QUIZ to see if you are sugar addicted.
Click here to read back cover of Lick the Sugar Habit.
Click here for excerpts from Lick the Sugar Habit.



124 Ways Sugar Ruins Your Health

By Nancy Appleton, PhD

Print this list and tape it to your refrigerator or sugar bowl. (See below 
for clinical documentation of each statement.) 

1. Sugar can suppress the immune system.

2. Sugar upsets the mineral relationships in the body.

3. Sugar can cause hyperactivity, anxiety, difficulty concentrating, and 
crankiness in children.

4. Sugar can produce a significant rise in triglycerides.

5. Sugar contributes to the reduction in defense against bacterial infection 
(infectious diseases).

6. Sugar causes a loss of tissue elasticity and function, the more sugar you 
eat the more elasticity and function you loose.

7. Sugar reduces high density lipoproteins.

8. Sugar leads to chromium deficiency.

9. Sugar leads to cancer of the breast, ovaries, prostate, and rectum.

10. Sugar can increase fasting levels of glucose.

11. Sugar causes copper deficiency.

12. Sugar interferes with absorption of calcium and magnesium.

13. Sugar can weaken eyesight.

14. Sugar raises the level of a neurotransmitters: dopamine, serotonin, and 
norepinephrine.

15. Sugar can cause hypoglycemia.

16. Sugar can produce an acidic digestive tract.

17. Sugar can cause a rapid rise of adrenaline levels in children.

18. Sugar malabsorption is frequent in patients with functional bowel disease.

19. Sugar can cause premature aging.

20. Sugar can lead to alcoholism.

21. Sugar can cause tooth decay.

22. Sugar contributes to obesity.

23. High intake of sugar increases the risk of Crohn's disease, and 
ulcerative colitis.

24. Sugar can cause changes frequently found in person with gastric or 
duodenal ulcers.

25. Sugar can cause arthritis.

26. Sugar can cause asthma.

27. Sugar greatly assists the uncontrolled growth of Candida Albicans (yeast 
infections).

28. Sugar can cause gallstones.

29. Sugar can cause heart disease.

30. Sugar can cause appendicitis.

31. Sugar can cause multiple sclerosis.

32. Sugar can cause hemorrhoids.

33. Sugar can cause varicose veins.

34. Sugar can elevate glucose and insulin responses in oral contraceptive 
users.

35. Sugar can lead to periodontal disease.

36. Sugar can contribute to osteoporosis.

37. Sugar contributes to saliva acidity.

38. Sugar can cause a decrease in insulin sensitivity.

39. Sugar can lower the amount of Vitamin E in the blood.

40. Sugar can decrease growth hormone.

41. Sugar can increase cholesterol.

42. Sugar can increase the systolic blood pressure.

43. Sugar can cause drowsiness and decreased activity in children.

44. High sugar intake increases advanced glycation end products (AGEs)(Sugar 
bound non- enzymatically to protein)

45. Sugar can interfere with the absorption of protein.

46. Sugar causes food allergies.

47. Sugar can contribute to diabetes.

48. Sugar can cause toxemia during pregnancy.

49. Sugar can contribute to eczema in children.

50. Sugar can cause cardiovascular disease.

51. Sugar can impair the structure of DNA

52. Sugar can change the structure of protein.

53. Sugar can make our skin age by changing the structure of collagen.

54. Sugar can cause cataracts.

55. Sugar can cause emphysema.

56. Sugar can cause atherosclerosis.

57. Sugar can promote an elevation of low density lipoproteins (LDL).

58. High sugar intake can impair the physiological homeostasis of many 
systems in the body.

59. Sugar lowers the enzymes ability to function.

60. Sugar intake is higher in people with Parkinsonís disease.

61. Sugar can cause a permanent altering the way the proteins act in the body.

62. Sugar can increase the size of the liver by making the liver cells divide.

63. Sugar can increase the amount of liver fat.

64. Sugar can increase kidney size and produce pathological changes in the 
kidney.

65. Sugar can damage the pancreas.

66. Sugar can increase the body's fluid retention.

67. Sugar is enemy #1 of the bowel movement.

68. Sugar can cause myopia (nearsightedness).

69. Sugar can compromise the lining of the capillaries.

70. Sugar can make the tendons more brittle.

71. Sugar can cause headaches, including migraine.

72. Sugar plays a role in pancreatic cancer in women.

73. Sugar can adversely affect school children's grades and cause learning 
disorders..

74. Sugar can cause an increase in delta, alpha, and theta brain waves.

75. Sugar can cause depression.

76. Sugar increases the risk of gastric cancer.

77. Sugar and cause dyspepsia (indigestion).

78. Sugar can increase your risk of getting gout.

79. Sugar can increase the levels of glucose in an oral glucose tolerance 
test over the ingestion of complex carbohydrates.

80. Sugar can increase the insulin responses in humans consuming high-sugar 
diets compared to low sugar diets.

81 High refined sugar diet reduces learning capacity.

82. Sugar can cause less effective functioning of two blood proteins, 
albumin, and lipoproteins, which may reduce the bodyís ability to handle fat and 
cholesterol.

83. Sugar can contribute to Alzheimerís disease.

84. Sugar can cause platelet adhesiveness.

85. Sugar can cause hormonal imbalance; some hormones become underactive and 
others become overactive.

86. Sugar can lead to the formation of kidney stones.

87. Sugar can lead to the hypothalamus to become highly sensitive to a large 
variety of stimuli.

88. Sugar can lead to dizziness.

89. Diets high in sugar can cause free radicals and oxidative stress.

90. High sucrose diets of subjects with peripheral vascular disease 
significantly increases platelet adhesion.

91. High sugar diet can lead to biliary tract cancer.

92. Sugar feeds cancer.

93. High sugar consumption of pregnant adolescents is associated with a 
twofold increased risk for delivering a small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infant.

94. High sugar consumption can lead to substantial decrease in gestation 
duration among adolescents.

95. Sugar slows food's travel time through the gastrointestinal tract.

96. Sugar increases the concentration of bile acids in stools and bacterial 
enzymes in the colon. This can modify bile to produce cancer-causing compounds 
and colon cancer.

97. Sugar increases estradiol (the most potent form of naturally occurring 
estrogen) in men.

98. Sugar combines and destroys phosphatase, an enzyme, which makes the 
process of digestion more dificult.

99. Sugar can be a risk factor of gallbladder cancer.

100. Sugar is an addictive substance.

101. Sugar can be intoxicating, similar to alcohol.

102. Sugar can exacerbate PMS.

103. Sugar given to premature babies can affect the amount of carbon dioxide 
they produce.

104. Decrease in sugar intake can increase emotional stability.

105. The body changes sugar into 2 to 5 times more fat in the bloodstream 
than it does starch.

106. The rapid absorption of sugar promotes excessive food intake in obese 
subjects.

107. Sugar can worsen the symptoms of children with attention deficit 
hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

108. Sugar adversely affects urinary electrolyte composition.

109. Sugar can slow down the ability of the adrenal glands to function.

110. Sugar has the potential of inducing abnormal metabolic processes in a 
normal healthy individual and to promote chronic degenerative diseases.

111.. I.Vs (intravenous feedings) of sugar water can cut off oxygen to the 
brain.

112. High sucrose intake could be an important risk factor in lung cancer.

113. Sugar increases the risk of polio.

114. High sugar intake can cause epileptic seizures.

115. Sugar causes high blood pressure in obese people.

116. In Intensive Care Units: Limiting sugar saves lives.

117. Sugar may induce cell death.

118. Sugar may impair the physiological homeostasis of many systems in living 
organisms.

119. In juvenile rehabilitation camps, when children were put on a low sugar 
diet, there was a 44% drop in antisocial behavior.

120. Sugar can cause gastric cancer.

121. Sugar dehydrates newborns.

122. Sugar can cause gum disease.

123. Sugar increases the estradiol in young men.

124. Sugar can cause low birth-weight babies.



SOURCES 

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American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Nov 1973;261:1180_1184. Bernstein, J., 
et al. "Depression of Lymphocyte Transformation Following Oral Glucose 
Ingestion." American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.1997;30:613. 2. Couzy, F., et 
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3. Goldman, J., et al. "Behavioral Effects of Sucrose on Preschool Children." 
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4. Scanto, S. and Yudkin, J. "The Effect of Dietary Sucrose on Blood Lipids, 
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5. Ringsdorf, W., Cheraskin, E. and Ramsay R. "Sucrose,Neutrophilic 
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6. Cerami, A., Vlassara, H., and Brownlee, M."Glucose and Aging." Scientific 
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7. Albrink, M. and Ullrich I. H. "Interaction of Dietary Sucrose and Fiber on 
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8. Kozlovsky, A., et al. "Effects of Diets High in Simple Sugars on Urinary 
Chromium Losses." Metabolism. June 1986;35:515_518.

9. Takahashi, E., Tohoku University School of Medicine, Wholistic Health 
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10. Kelsay, J., et al. "Diets High in Glucose or Sucrose and Young Women." 
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Thomas, B. J., et al. "Relation of Habitual Diet to Fasting Plasma Insulin 
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11. Fields, M.., et al. "Effect of Copper Deficiency on Metabolism and 
Mortality in Rats Fed Sucrose or Starch Diets," Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 
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12. Lemann, J. "Evidence that Glucose Ingestion Inhibits Net Renal Tubular 
Reabsorption of Calcium and Magnesium." Journal Of Clinical Nutrition. 1976 
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13. Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica. Mar 2002;48;25.

Taub, H. Ed. "Sugar Weakens Eyesight," VM NEWSLETTER;May 1986:6

14. "Sugar, White Flour Withdrawal Produces Chemical Response." The Addiction 
Letter .Jul 1992:4.

15. Dufty, William. Sugar Blues. (New York:Warner Books, 1975).

16. Ibid.

17. Jones, T. W., et al. "Enhanced Adrenomedullary Response and Increased 
Susceptibility to Neuroglygopenia: Mechanisms Underlying the Adverse Effect of 
Sugar Ingestion in Children." Journal of Pediatrics. Feb 1995;126:171-7.

18. Ibid.

19. Lee, A. T.and Cerami A. "The Role of Glycation in Aging." Annals of the 
New York Academy of Science.1992;663:63-70.

20. Abrahamson, E. and Peget, A.. Body, Mind and Sugar. (New York:Avon,1977.}

21. Glinsmann, W., Irausquin, H., and Youngmee, K. "Evaluation of Health 
Aspects of Sugar Contained in Carbohydrate Sweeteners. F. D. A. Report of Sugars 
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Makinen K.K.,et al. "A Descriptive Report of the Effects of a 16_month 
Xylitol Chewing_gum Programme Subsequent to a 40_month Sucrose Gum Programme." 
Caries Research. 1998; 32(2)107_12.

22. Keen, H., et al. "Nutrient Intake, Adiposity, and Diabetes." British 
Medical Journal. 1989; 1: 655_658

23. Persson P. G., Ahlbom, A., and Hellers, G. Epidemiology. 1992;3:47-52.

24. Yudkin, J. New York: Sweet and Dangerous.:Bantam Books:1974: 129.

25. Darlington, L., Ramsey, N. W. and Mansfield, J. R. "Placebo_Controlled, 
Blind Study of Dietary Manipulation Therapy in Rheumatoid Arthritis," Lancet. 
Feb 1986;8475(1):236_238.

26. Powers, L. "Sensitivity: You React to What You Eat." Los Angeles Times. 
(Feb. 12, 1985).

Cheng, J., et al. "Preliminary Clinical Study on the Correlation Between 
Allergic Rhinitis and Food Factors." Lin Chuang Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi Aug 
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27. Crook, W. J. The Yeast Connection. (TN:Professional Books, 1984)..

28. Heaton, K. "The Sweet Road to Gallstones." British Medical Journal. Apr 
14, 1984; 288: 1103_1104.

Misciagna, G., et al. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1999;69:120-126.

29. Yudkin, J. "Sugar Consumption and Myocardial Infarction." Lancet..Feb 6, 
1971:1(7693):296-297.

Suadicani, P., et al. "Adverse Effects of Risk of Ishaemic Heart Disease of 
Adding Sugar to Hot Beverages in Hypertensives Using Diuretics." Blood 
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30. Cleave, T. The Saccharine Disease. (New Canaan, CT: Keats Publishing, 
1974).

31. Erlander, S. "The Cause and Cure of Multiple Sclerosis, "The Disease to 
End Disease." Mar 3, 1979;1(3):59_63.

32. Cleave, T. The Saccharine Disease. (New Canaan, CT: Keats Publishing, 
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33. Cleave, T. and Campbell, G. (Bristol, England:Diabetes, Coronary 
Thrombosis and the Saccharine Disease: John Wrightand Sons, 1960).

34. Behall, K. "Influ ence of Estrogen Content of Oral Contraceptives and 
Consumption of Sucrose on Blood Parameters." Disease Abstracts International. 
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35. Glinsmann, W., Irausquin, H., and K. Youngmee. Evaluation of Health 
Aspects of Sugar Contained in Carbohydrate Sweeteners. F. D. A. Report of Sugars 
Task Force.1986;39:36_38.

36. Tjšderhane, L. and Larmas, M. "A High Sucrose Diet Decreases the 
Mechanical Strength of Bones in Growing Rats." Journal of Nutrition. 
1998:128:1807_1810.

37. Appleton, N. New York: Healthy Bones. Avery Penguin Putnam:1989.

38. Beck_Nielsen H., Pedersen O., and Schwartz S. "Effects of Diet on the 
Cellular Insulin Binding and the Insulin Sensitivity in Young Healthy Subjects." 
Diabetes. 1978;15:289_296 .

39. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. Aug 2000.

40. Gardner, L. and Reiser, S. "Effects of Dietary Carbohydrate on Fasting 
Levels of Human Growth Hormone and Cortisol." Proceedings of the Society for 
Experimental Biology and Medicine. 1982;169:36_40.

41. Reiser, S. "Effects of Dietary Sugars on Metabolic Risk Factors 
Associated with Heart Disease." Nutritional Health. 1985;203_216.

42. Hodges, R., and Rebello, T. "Carbohydrates and Blood Pressure." Annals of 
Internal Medicine. 1983:98:838_841.

43. Behar, D., et al. "Sugar Challenge Testing with Children Considered 
Behaviorally Sugar Reactive." Nutritional Behavior. 1984;1:277_288.

44. Furth, A. and Harding, J. "Why Sugar Is Bad For You." "New Scientist." 
Sep 23, 1989;44.

45. Simmons, J. "Is The Sand of Time Sugar?" LONGEVITY. June 1990: 49_53.

46. Randolph, T. G. et al. "Allergic Reactions Following Intravenous 
Injection of Corn Sugar (Dextrose)". Archives of Surgery. 1950;64:554-564. 47. 
"Sucrose Induces Diabetes in Cat." Federal Protocol. 1974;6(97).

48. Cleave, T.:The Saccharine Disease: (New Canaan Ct: Keats Publishing, 
Inc., 1974).131.

49. Ibid. 132.

50. Vaccaro O., Ruth, K. J. and Stamler J. "Relationship of Postload Plasma 
Glucose to Mortality with 19_yr Follow_up." Diabetes Care. Oct 
15,1992;10:328_334.

Tominaga, M., et al, "Impaired Glucose Tolerance Is a Risk Factor for 
Cardiovascular Disease, but Not Fasting Glucose." Diabetes Care. 1999:2(6):920-924.

51. Lee, A. T. and Cerami, A. "Modifications of Proteins and Nucleic Acids by 
Reducing Sugars: Possible Role in Aging." Handbook of the Biology of Aging. ( 
New York: Academic Press, 1990.).

52. Monnier, V. M. "Nonenzymatic Glycosylation, the Maillard Reaction and the 
Aging Process." Journal of Gerontology 1990:45(4 ):105_110.

53. Dyer, D. G., et al. "Accumulation of Maillard Reaction Products in Skin 
Collagen in Diabetes and Aging." Journal of Clinical Investigation. 
1993:93(6):421_22.

54. Veromann, S.et al."Dietary Sugar and Salt Represent Real Risk Factors for 
Cataract Development." Ophthalmologica. 2003 Jul-Aug;217(4):302-307.

55. Monnier, V. M. "Nonenzymatic Glycosylation, the Maillard Reaction and the 
Aging Process." Journal of Gerontology. 1990:45(4):105_110.

56. Pamplona, R., et al. "Mechanisms of Glycation in Atherogenesis." Medical 
Hypotheses . 1990: 174_181.

57. Lewis, G. F. and Steiner, G. "Acute Effects of Insulin in the Control of 
Vldl Production in Humans. Implications for Theinsulin-resistant State." 
Diabetes Care. 1996 Apr;19(4):390-3 R. Pamplona, M. .J., et al. "Mechanisms of 
Glycation in Atherogenesis." Medical Hypotheses. 1990;40:174-181.

58. Ceriello, A. "Oxidative Stress and Glycemic Regulation." Metabolism. Feb 
2000;49(2 Suppl 1):27-29.

59. Appleton, Nancy. New York; Lick the Sugar Habit. Avery Penguin Putnam, 
1988.

60. Hellenbrand, W. "Diet and Parkinson's Disease. A Possible Role for the 
Past Intake of Specific Nutrients. Results from a Self-administered 
Food-frequency Questionnaire in a Case-control Study." Neurology. Sep 1996;47(3):644-650. 
61. Cerami, A., Vlassara, H., and Brownlee, M. "Glucose and Aging." Scientific 
American. May 1987: 90.

62. Goulart, F. S. "Are You Sugar Smart?" American Fitness. March_April 1991: 
34_38.

63. Ibid.

64. Yudkin, J., Kang, S. and Bruckdorfer, K. "Effects of High Dietary Sugar." 
British Journal of Medicine. Nov 22, 1980;1396.

65. Goulart, F. S. "Are You Sugar Smart?" American Fitness. March_April 1991: 
34_38. Milwakuee, WI,: damage pancreas

66. Ibid. fluid retention

67. Ibid. bowel movement

68. Ibid. nearsightedness

69. Ibid. compromise the lining of the capillaries

70. Nash, J. "Health Contenders." Essence. Jan 1992; 23: 79_81.

71. Grand, E. "Food Allergies and Migraine."Lancet. 1979:1:955_959.

72. Michaud, D. "Dietary Sugar, Glycemic Load, and Pancreatic Cancer Risk in 
a Prospective Study." J Natl Cancer Inst. Sep 4, 2002 ;94(17):1293-300.

73. Schauss, A. Diet, Crime and Delinquency. (Berkley Ca; Parker House, 1981.)

74. Christensen, L. "The Role of Caffeine and Sugar in Depression." Nutrition 
Report. Mar 1991;9(3):17-24.

75. Ibid.

76. Cornee, J., et al. "A Case-control Study of Gastric Cancer and 
Nutritional Factors in Marseille, France," European Journal of Epidemiology. 
1995;11:55-65.

77. Yudkin, J. Sweet and Dangerous.(New York:Bantam Books,1974) 129.

78. Ibid, 44

79. Reiser, S., et al. "Effects of Sugars on Indices on Glucose Tolerance in 
Humans." American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1986:43;151-159.

80. Reiser,S., et al. "Effects of Sugars on Indices on Glucose Tolerance in 
Humans." American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1986;43:151-159.

81. Molteni, R, et al. "A High-fat, Refined Sugar Diet Reduces Hippocampal 
Brain-derived Neurotrophic Factor, Neuronal Plasticity, and Learning." 
NeuroScience. 2002;112(4):803-814.

82. Monnier, V., "Nonenzymatic Glycosylation, the Maillard Reaction and the 
Aging Process." Journal of Gerontology. 1990;45:105-111.

83. Frey, J. "Is There Sugar in the Alzheimerís Disease?" Annales De Biologie 
Clinique. 2001; 59 (3):253-257.

84. Yudkin, J. "Metabolic Changes Induced by Sugar in Relation to Coronary 
Heart Disease and Diabetes." Nutrition and Health. 1987;5(1-2):5-8.

85. Ibid.

86. Blacklock, N. J., "Sucrose and Idiopathic Renal Stone." Nutrition and 
Health. 1987;5(1-2):9-

Curhan, G., et al. "Beverage Use and Risk for Kidney Stones in Women." Annals 
of Internal Medicine. 1998:28:534-340.

87. Journal of Advanced Medicine. 1994;7(1):51-58.

88. Ibid

89. Ceriello, A. "Oxidative Stress and Glycemic Regulation." Metabolism. Feb 
2000;49(2 Suppl 1):27-29.

90. Postgraduate Medicine.Sept 1969:45:602-07.

91. Moerman, C. J., et al. "Dietary Sugar Intake in the Etiology of Biliary 
Tract Cancer." International Journal of Epidemiology . Ap 1993;.2(2):207-214.

92. Quillin, Patrick, "Cancerís Sweet Tooth," Nutrition Science News. Ap 2000.

Rothkopf, M.. Nutrition. July/Aug 1990;6(4).

93. Lenders, C. M. "Gestational Age and Infant Size at Birth Are Associated 
with Dietary Intake among Pregnant Adolescents." Journal of Nutrition. Jun 
1997;1113- 1117.

94. Ibid.

95. Bostick, R. M., et al. "Sugar, Meat.and Fat Intake and Non-dietary Risk 
Factors for Colon Cancer Incidence in Iowa Women." Cancer Causes & Control. 
1994:5 :38-53.
96. Ibid.
Kruis, W., et al. "Effects of Diets Low and High in Refined Sugars on Gut 
Transit, Bile Acid Metabolism and Bacterial Fermentation." Gut. 1991;32:367-370.
Ludwig, D. S., et al. "High Glycemic Index Foods, Overeating, And Obesity." 
Pediatrics. Mar 1999;103(3):26-32.
97. Yudkin, J and Eisa, O. "Dietary Sucrose and Oestradiol Concentration in 
Young Men".
Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism.
1988:32(2):53-55.
98. Lee, A. T. and Cerami A. "The Role of Glycation in Aging." Annals of the 
New York Academy of Science. 1992; 663:63-70.
99. Moerman, C., et al."Dietary Sugar Intake in the Etiology of Biliary Tract 
Cancer." International Journal of Epidemiology. Ap 1993; 22(2):207-214.
100. "Sugar, White Flour Withdrawal Produces Chemical Response." The 
Addiction Letter. Jul 1992:4.
Colantuoni, C., et al. "Evidence That Intermittent, Excessive Sugar Intake 
Causes Endogenous Opioid Dependence." Obes Res. Jun 2002 ;10(6):478-488.
Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Society, Toronto, June 17, 2001.
Www.mercola,com/2001/june/30/sugar.htm
101. Ibid.
102. The Edell Health Letter. Sept 1991;7:1.
103. Sunehag, A. L., et al. "Gluconeogenesis in Very Low Birth Weight Infants 
Receiving Total Parenteral Nutrition" Diabetes. 1999 ;48 7991_800.
104. Christensen L., et al. "Impact of A Dietary Change on Emotional 
Distress." Journal of Abnormal Psychology .1985;94(4):565_79.
105. Nutrition Health Review. Fall 85. changes sugar into fat faster than fat
106. Ludwig, D. S., et al. "High Glycemic Index Foods, Overeating and 
Obesity." Pediatrics.
March 1999;103(3):26-32.
107. Pediatrics Research. 1995;38(4):539-542.
Berdonces, J. L. "Attention Deficit and Infantile Hyperactivity." Rev Enferm. 
Jan 2001;4(1)11-4
108. Blacklock, N. J. "Sucrose and Idiopathic Renal Stone." Nutrition Health. 
1987;5(1 & 2):9-17.
109. Lechin, F., et al. "Effects of an Oral Glucose Load on Plasma 
Neurotransmitters in Humans." Neurophychobiology. 1992;26(1-2):4-11.
110. Fields, M. Journal of the American College of Nutrition. Aug 
1998;17(4):317_321.
111. Arieff, A. I. Veterans Administration Medical Center in San Francisco. 
San Jose Mercury; June 12/86. IVs of sugar water can cut off oxygen to the 
brain.
112. De Stefani, E."Dietary Sugar and Lung Cancer: a Case_control Study in 
Uruguay." Nutrition and Cancer. 1998;31(2):132_7.
113. Sandler, Benjamin P. Diet Prevents Polio. Milwakuee, WI,:The Lee 
Foundation for for Nutritional Research, 1951.
114. Murphy, Patricia. "The Role of Sugar in Epileptic Seizures." Townsend 
Letter for Doctors and Patients. May, 2001. Murphy Is Editor of Epilepsy 
Wellness Newsletter, 1462 West 5th Ave., Eugene, Oregon 97402
115. Stern, N. & Tuck, M. "Pathogenesis of Hypertension in Diabetes 
Mellitus." Diabetes Mellitus, a Fundamental and Clinical Test. 2nd Edition, 
(PhiladelphiA; A:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2000)943-957.
116. Christansen, D. "Critical Care: Sugar Limit Saves Lives." Science News. 
June 30, 2001; 159:404.
117. Donnini, D. et al. "Glucose May Induce Cell Death through a Free 
Radical-mediated Mechanism."Biochem Biohhys Res Commun. Feb 15, 1996:219(2):412-417.
118. Ceriello, A. "Oxicative Stress and Glycemic Regulation." Metabolism. Feb 
2000;49(Suppl I):27-29.
119. Schoenthaler, S. The Los Angeles Probation Department Diet-Behavior 
Program: Am Empirical Analysis of Six Institutional Settings. Int J Biosocial Res 
5(2):88-89.
120. Cornee, J., et al. "A Case-control Study of Gastric Cancer and 
Nutritional Factors in Marseille, France." European Journal of Epidemiology 11 
(1995):55-65.
121. "Gluconeogenesis in Very Low Birth Weight Infants Receiving Total 
Parenteral Nutrition. Diabetes. 1999 Apr;48(4):791-800.
122. Glinsmann, W., et al. "Evaluation of Health Aspects of Sugar Contained 
in Carbohydrate
Sweeteners." FDA Report of Sugars Task Force (1986) 39. 123. Yudkin, J. and 
Eisa, O. "Dietary Sucrose and Oestradiol Concentration in Young Men. Annals of 
Nutrition and Metabolism. 1988;32(2):53-5.
124. Lenders, C. M. "Gestational Age and Infant Size at Birth Are Associated 
with Dietary Intake Among Pregnant Adolescents." Journal of Nutrition 
128.1998:1807-1810

Email Dr. Nancy Appleton, or call her at 
310-315-9242 

For updates and info, contact scott at planttrees dot org.