U.S. Constitution, Second Amendment, George Mason, Tench Coxe
"A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the
right of the people to keep and bear Arms shall not be infringed."
-- U.S. Constitution, Second Amendment
"Who are the militia, if they be not the people of this country...?
I ask, who are the militia? They consist of now of the whole people,
except a few public officers."
-- George Mason
(1725-1792), drafted the Virgina Declaration of Rights, ally of James Madison and George Washington
Source: in the Virginia Convention on the ratification of the Constitution, June 16, 1788,
in_Debates in the Several State Conventions on the Adoption of the Federal Constitution,_
Jonathan Elliot, ed., v.3 p.425 (Philadelphia, 1836)
"Congress have no power to disarm the militia. Their swords, and every other
terrible implement of the soldier, are the birth-right of an American ... the
unlimited power of the sword is not in the hands of either the federal or state
governments, but, where I trust in God it will ever remain, in the hands of the
-- Tench Coxe
(1755-1824) American political economist
20 Feb 1788